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8th Edition of the Multilateral Kant Colloquium - Ileana Beade

Abstract: Kant y Bayle en torno a la tolerancia y la religión privada The question of religious tolerance, widely debated among modern philosophers since the Lutheran Reformation, gains relevance in the current context, as a result of the complex challenges imposed by multiculturalism within the frame of liberal democracies. Under different perspectives, Pierre Bayle and Immanuel Kant criticize religious fanaticism, report its disastrous consequences, and point out the relationship between rationality and tolerance. In this paper I analyze one important aspect raised by both philosophers in their discussion of the principle of tolerance, that is: freedom of conscience, a topic which reveals not only a political meaning, but also an epistemic one, as directly connected with the problem of the scope and limits of religious knowledge.